Description of a tattoo Machine
A tattoo machine is a handheld device that is used to create a tattoo, a permanent marking of the skin with indelible ink. Modern tattoo machines use electromagnetic coils to move a ramp up and down, connected to the ramp is closed needle grouping that drive ink into the skin. Tattoo artists generally use the term “machine“, or even “iron“, the word “gun” is often used in eng / am terms but is something the professional tattoo artists look down on.
The predecessor to the tattoo machine was the electric pen invented by Thomas Alva Edison and patented under the title Stencil-Pens in Newark, New
Jersey, United States 1876th It was originally intended to be used as a duplicating device, but in 1891, Samuel O’Reilly discovered that Edison’s machine could be modified and used to introduce ink into the skin, and later patented a tube and needle to provide an ink reservoir.
While O’Reilly’s machine was based on the rotary technology of Edison’s device, modern tattoo machines use electromagnets. The first machine based on this technology was a single coil driven machine patented by Thomas Riley in London, just twenty days after O’Reilly filed the patent for his rotary machine. The modern two coil configuration was patented by Alfred Charles, also in London. Because it was so heavy, a spring was often attached to the top of the machine and to take most of the weight of the operator hand.De Most modern tattoo machines can control needle depth, speed and force of application, it has commissioned tattoo art to becoming a very precise art form. Such advances in precision have also produced a style of facial tattooing that has won the conventional popularity in America called dermapigmentation, or “permanent cosmetics“.
Functionally speaking, there are many types of machines. Liners, shaders and coloring are the most common and important features. Mechanically speaking, there are coil machines, rotary, rotary hybrids and pneumatic machine.
Rotary tattoo machine: the original type, based on the rotary technology invented by Samuel O’Reilly and improved by knowledgeable tattoo artists over the years. Basics of a rotating machine is an electric motor that drives the needle to move. A new upgrade for this is a fitted ramp that makes operations more efficient and is a trait in coil machines, the name of these new machines are hybrid Rotary. This addition has made it into a more efficient machine for its purpose. Recently, there have been improvements to make this type of machine pneumatic (gas driven) instead of using an electric motor. More and more improvements in the machine’s movement and action has also been modified with companies like Stigma and Swashdrive.
Coil tattoo machine: One modern type of machine by means of an electromagnetic circuit moves needle array up and down. Different variants are available in a wide range, from single coiled machines to triple helix machines. They can be made of many different materials and be of many different sizes and shapes. However, the basic installation is a double spiral machine, at a standard metal frame.
Pneumatic tattoo machine / Neuma Machine:
Tattoo Carson Hill invented the pneumatic tattoo machines in 2000, a completely new type of tattoo machine. A pneumatic tattoo machine is powered by an air compressor and can be sterilized in an autoclave. Pneumatic machines offer the purest alternativet. Neuma introduced a hybrid model, a pneumatic and electric machine, in 2009, releasing an antimicrobial agent when the machine comes in contact with liquid, this protects the machine from absorbing blood borne pathogens, and also gives the tattoo artist the incredible opportunity to run the machine on electricity or air.
Liner / Outline: The purpose of a contour machine is to put ink in the skin in a single pass to create a dominant line. It uses a short contact circuit (about 1.5mm – 2mm) to make the machine cycle faster.
Shader / Shadow: The shader machine is often used to shade black or variants of black ink to add depth to the tattoo. Color can also be used in this type of machine, but the saturation level of this machine is not so high. It uses a longer contact circuit (about 2 mm-3, 5 mm) to make the machine cycle a bit slower. The installation of the machine is also used for sculpting lines of varying thickness, and some artists use this type of machine for all lines, as this exposes the skin to less trauma and you can drive over the lines more than once.
Coloring / Color Saturation: The purpose of this machine is to saturate the tattoo with color, also adapted for color shading and allows more natural color transitions. It’s used with the maximum contact distance (about 3 mm-5 mm) to dramatically decrease the speed of the machine cycle. This allows the machine to bring color into the skin for minimal trauma, this produces a lighter shade that retains the same shade without getting misty. This type of machine is also used to give natural highlights to a tattoo.
Other Settings: The settings of a tattoo machine is not limited to just these three types, these are just the most common variants. You can yourself find what suits you, where there are no limits on how many variations as you can find.